Brockham lies at the foot of the North Downs, between Dorking
and Reigate in Surrey, and takes its name from Brockham Village,
the nearest settlement. Brockham lies on the River Mole and, with a
population of over 2,500 people it is somewhat larger than the
neighbouring village of Betchworth. Brockham, meaning "settlement
near the brook", was a substantial village even in the fifteenth
century. Today, the oldest parts of the village are centred upon
the village Green (said to be the most-photographed village cricket
ground in Britain) and include the public houses, the church (1847)
and a village pump from which the village drew their
It is interesting that nearby Betchworth is both older and smaller than Brockham. Betchworth was where the gentry built their houses and, not wishing their servants to live too close, encouraged them to live in Brockham. Today Brockham is famous for its magnificent bonfire which is held on the village green every November and is a popular celebration in the district. Brockham recently entered and won the "best kept large village" competition in Surrey.
Both Betchworth and Brockham owe their locations mainly due to the good agricultural land around the river Mole. The main industrial activities were chalk quarrying and lime burning which were carried on at the two great quarries of Brockham and Betchworth. Betchworth quarry has only recently stopped production, but Brockham quarry closed for forty years, is now the site of the museum.
Brockham Green is a district formed from Betchworth, and made into an ecclesiastical parish in 1848. The village, clustered round the green, about 1½ miles west of Betchworth village, is picturesque and flourishing. The church, built on land given by Mr. Hope of Deepdene, is of 13th-century style, of stone, with a central tower and spire.